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Concepts, Theories, and the Mind-Body Problem

Volume 2: Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science

Table of Contents

Synopsis…vii

Unity of Science as a Working Hypothesis…3
Paul Oppenheim and Hilary Putnam

  1. Introduction…3
  2. Unity of Science and Micro-Reduction…5
  3. Reductive Levels…9
  4. The Credibility of Our Working Hypothesis…11
  5. Past Successes at Each Level…16
  6. Evolution, Ontogenesis, and Synthesis…23
  7. Concluding Remarks…27
  8. Notes…29
  9. References…32

The Theoretician's Dilemma: A Study in the Logic of Theory Construction…37
Carl G. Hempel

  1. Deductive and Inductive Systematization…37
  2. Observables and Theoretical Entities…41
  3. Why Theoretical Terms?…43
  4. Structure and Interpretation of a Theory…46
  5. The Theoretician's Dilemma…49
  6. Operational Definitions and Reduction Sentences…50
  7. On the Definability of Theoretical Terms by Means of an Observational Vocabulary…53
  8. Interpretative Systems…71
  9. Functional Replaceability of Theoretical Terms…75
  10. On Meaning and Truth of Scientific Theories…81
  11. Notes…87
  12. References…94

Definitions, Explanations, and Theories…99
Michael Scriven

  1. General Introduction…99
  2. Analytic Method…99
  3. Definitions: Introduction…102
  4. Dictionary Definitions…102
  5. Erroneous Definitions…103
  6. Dictionaries versus Encyclopedias…104
  7. Definitions as Substitution Rules…105
  8. 'Undefinable' terms…107
  9. Inter-categorical Definitions…112
  10. The Definition of "Definition"…113
  11. The Misleading Analogy with Mathematical Definition; The Actual Limitations on Redefinition…116
  12. Definitions of Logical Constants in Symbolic Logic…119
  13. Definitions as Analyses…121
  14. Definability and Reducibility…122
  15. The Concept of 'Completed Science'…127
  16. The Acceptable Aspects of Reductionism…128
  17. Definitions in Terms of Linguistic Function…132
  18. The Analyticity of Definitions and Statements about Linguistic Function…135
  19. Definitions as Rules…139
  20. Dictionary Definitions as Reports of Usage…140
  21. The Truth of Rules…142
  22. Stipulative Definitions…145
  23. Final Assessment of Definitions-as-Rules View…149
  24. The Application and Invocation of Rules…150
  25. Names of Individuals…151
  26. The 'Stipulative' Definition of Individual Names…155
  27. The Names of Fictitious Individuals…156
  28. Existence as a Presupposition of Names…158
  29. General Names and Scientific Concepts…160
  30. Conditional Definitions…164
  31. Statistical Concepts and Vagueness…175
  32. Dispositional Concepts, Theory Language, and Observation Language…180
  33. The Micro-Equivalents of Macro-Properties…187
  34. Complicated Conditional Concepts, Psychological Dispositions…188
  35. The Theoretician's Dilemma…191
  36. Explanations…192

Disposition Concepts and Extensional Logic…196
Arthur Pap

Counterfactuals, Dispositions, and the Causal Modalities…225
Wilfrid Sellars

  1. Introduction…225
  2. Counterfactuals…227
  3. Thing-Kinds and Causal Properties…248
  4. Causal Connection: The Dialectic of the Controversy…266
  5. Toward a Theory of the 'Causal' Modalities…285
  6. References…307

General Statements as Rules of Inference?…309
H. Gavin Alexander

Persons…330
P. F. Strawson

The Significance of Experience of the Individual for The Science of Psychology…354
Karl Zener

The "Mental" and the "Physical"…370
Herbert Feigl

  1. A Preliminary Survey of Some Perplexities and Their Repression…370
  2. The Scientific and the Philosophical Strands in the Mind-Body Tangle…374
  3. Requirements and Desiderata for an Adequate Solution of the Mind-Body Problem. A Concise Statement of the Major Issues…387
  4. Sorting Out the Various Meanings of "Mental" and "Physical". A Comparative and Critical Analysis…397
    1. "Subjective" versus "Objective"..397
    2. Non-Spatial versus Spatial…406
    3. Quality versus Quantity…409
    4. "Purposive" versus "Mechanical"…411
    5. "Mnemic", "Holistic", "Emergent" versus "Non-Mnemic"…413
    6. "Intentional" versus "Non-Intentional"…416
  5. Mind-Body Identity. Explications and Supporting Arguments …419
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