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Theories & Methods of Physics and Psychology

Volume 4: Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science

Table of Contents

Part I: Papers and Discussion from the Conference on the Problems of Correspondence Rules

The "Orthodox" View of Theories: Remarks in Defense as Well as Critique…3
Herbert Feigl, University of Minnesota

Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge …17
Paul K. Feyerabend, University of California, Berkeley, University of London, Yale University

  1. Preface…17
  2. Introduction; The Limits of Argument…21
  3. Counterinduction I: Theories…26
  4. Philosophical Background: Mill, Hegel…27
  5. Counterinduction Il: Experiments, Observations, "Facts "…36
  6. The Tower Argument Stated: First Steps of Analysis…45
  7. Natural Interpretations…48
  8. The Tower Argument: Analysis Continued…55
  9. The Law of Inertia…61
  10. The Progressive Role of Ad Hoc Hypotheses…63
  11. Summary of Analysis of Tower Argument…69
  12. Discovery and Justification; Observation and Theory…70
  13. Rationality Again…72
  14. Incommensurability…81
  15. The Choice between Comprehensive Ideologies…90
  16. Conclusion…91
  17. Appendix. Science without Experience…92
  18. Notes…94

A Picture Theory Of Theory Meaning …131
N. R. Hanson, Yale University

On the "Standard Conception" of Scientific Theories …142
Carl G. Hempel, Princeton University

  1. Theories: A Preliminary Characterization…142
  2. The Construal of Theories as Interpreted Calculi…145
  3. The Role of an Axiomatized Calculus in the Formulation of a Theory…148
  4. The Role of Pre-Theoretical Concepts in Internal Principles…153
  5. The Role of a Model in the Specification of a Theory…156
  6. The Status of Correspondence Rules…158
  7. On "Specifying the Meanings" of Theoretical Terms…162

An Inductive Logic of Theories …164
Mary Hesse, University of Cambridge

  1. Theoretical Inference…164
  2. The Analogical Character of Theories…166
  3. The Function of Models…170
  4. Identification of Theoretical Predicates…175

Explanation, Prediction, and "Imperfect" Knowledge …231
May Brodbeck, University Of Minnesota

The Factual Content of Theoretical Concepts …273
William W. Rozeboom, Wesleyan University

The Analytic and the Synthetic …358
Hilary Putnam, Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

  1. Analytic and Nonanalytic Statements…368
  2. The Rationale of the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction…381
  3. The Analytic-Synthetic Distinction in Natural Language…389

Structural Realism and rhe Meaning of Theoretical Terms …181
Grover Maxwell, University of Minnesota

Notes on Feyerabend and Hanson …193
Joseph Margolis, Temple University

The Crisis in Philosophical Semantics …196
William W. Rozeboom, University of Alberta

Discussion at The Conference on Correspondence Rules …220

Part II: Current Issues and Controversies

On the Relation of Topological to Metrical Structure …263
William Demopoulos, University of Pittsburgh

Asymmetries and Mind-Body Perplexities …273
Keith Gunderson, University of Minnesota

Psychological Determinism and Human Rationality: A Psychologist's Reactions to Professor Karl Popper's "Of Clouds and Clocks," …310
Paul E. Meehl, University of Minnesota

Nuisance Variables and the Ex Post Facto Design …373
Paul E. Meehl, University of Minnesota

Some Methodological Reflections on the Difficulties of Psychoanalytic Research …403
Paul E. Meehl, University of Minnesota

Popper and Laplace …417
Michael Radner, McMaster University

  1. Clouds and Clocks…418
  2. Indeterminism in Classical Physics…419
  3. Popper and Wiener…422
  4. Conclusion…426

Name Index…431

Subject Index…437

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